During the colonial period, when Africa was almost entirely divided up by European powers, “the camera became something of an imperial device”, said Sarah Cascone on Artnet.
Western photographers’ images told stories “about the history, culture and identity of the African continent” – often portraying it and its inhabitants as exotic and alien.
Tate Modern’s new exhibition, subtitled ‘Contemporary African Photography’, seeks to counter this tendency by showcasing the work of African photographers who have used the medium “on their own terms”.
Broad and ‘bitty’
This ambitious show brings together around 100 works by 36 artists from across the continent, dating from the immediate post-colonial period to the present day. It seeks to show how contemporary photographers are reclaiming African history and inviting viewers “to reconsider the continent’s place in the world”.
There are moments where the art here justifies the show’s lofty intentions, said Alastair Sooke in The Daily Telegraph. Hassan Hajjaj’s “stereotype-smashing” portraits of an all-female biker gang from his native Morocco, for example, “fizz like stills from a vintage MTV video”. Sabelo Mlangeni’s Country Girls series is a “psychologically complex and revealing” project documenting gay life in rural South Africa.
But as a whole, the exhibition feels “abbreviated and bitty”. And how could it be otherwise? There are 1.2 billion people in Africa, and the show covers a period of 60 years. One moment we’re at a South African picnic; the next we’re in an indigenous community in Algeria. And the curators’ insistence that all the artists here are repudiating “the colonial gaze” seems rather unconvincing.
At times there does seem to be a prevailing aesthetic: photos with a “theatrical quality enhanced by painted backdrops and plasticky props”, featuring high-keyed colours and eye-catching patterns. But African photography as a whole proves “impossible to corral”.
Of course the show covers a lot of ground, said Laura Cumming in The Observer. But the 36 artists are judiciously selected, and offer many “exhilarating, dynamic, compelling and profound” visions of this “unimaginably vast continent”.
Nigeria’s Andrew Esiebo fields “colossal cityscapes” of a “teeming Lagos” in which “people park their cars on the highways and demolished buildings are propped up as shacks”. George Osodi’s “dazzling” photographs of present-day Nigerian monarchs in their finery record a part of that country’s heritage all but ignored in Europe.
There are 1950s Algerian villagers “got up like Marlon Brando”, and “Mauritanian migrants trying to reach the shores of the Mediterranean”. Edson Chagas’s extraordinary passport-style photos of Angolans show each sitter wearing “a highly expressive Bantu mask”. It all adds up to a terrifically “vital experience”.
Tate Modern, London SE1 (tate.org.uk). Until 14 January 2024